The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014 has been awarded to three Neuroscientists, John O’Keefe and a married couple May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser jointley For their discoveries of cells that constitute a positioning system in the brain.
John discovered the first component of inner GPS in 1971 when he found that a certain type of nerve cell was always activated when a rat was at a certain place in a room. After Thirty Five years, May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser identified another type of nerve cell that generates a co-ordinate system for precise path-finding.
John O’Keefe received a half of the 8m Krona prize money and other half have gone to May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser.
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2014 Winner
John O’Keefe born on 18th November, 1939 at New York City, USA. He has a dual citizenship of USA and U.K. He is in Neuroscience field. He is a Neuroscientist and a professor at the Institute of Congnitive Neuroscience and the department of Anatomy at University College London. He has a B.A. degree from the City College of New York in 1963, M.A. degree from McGill University in 1964 and a Ph.D degree in 1967. John received the Feldberg Foundation Prize in 2001, Grawemeyer award in Psychology in 2006, the British Neuroscience Association Award, the Federation of European Neutoscience Societies European Journal of Neuroscience Award, Gruber Prize in Neuroscience, the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize and the Kavli Prize.
May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser
May-Britt Moser born on 4th January, 1963 Fosnavag, Norway and Edvard I. Moser born on 27th April, 1962 at Alesund, Norway. May-Britt Moser and Edvard I. Moser is a Married couple. Both are in same field Neuroscience. Both have a same degree in Psychology from the University of Oslo in 1990 and Ph.D degree in Neurophysiology from the University of Oslo in 1995. Both Husband-Wife won many awards together like Karl Spencer Lashley Awrd in 2014, Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize in 2013, Perl-UNC Neuroscience Prize in 2012 and Anders Jahre Award in 2011.